The historical Gallipoli Peninsula, where the preface of the Republic of Turkey was written and our biggest struggle before our War of Independence, the Çanakkale Wars took place, is the place everyone should see.
Historical and touristic significance of the route: The historical Gallipoli Peninsula, which was the center of the Çanakkale Wars during the First World War, is the place where an epic that shook human beings, drags them into an indescribable intensity of emotion, and every person should learn by breathing that air. The historical Gallipoli Peninsula can be visited in two different stages as south and north. As you can travel in a day, you can live the history by spreading it to 1 week. The historical Gallipoli Peninsula is one of the rare places in terms of vegetation and sea besides having an important place in our history of War of Independence. Detailed information about the region can be found on the website of the Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Çanakkale Wars, Gallipoli Historical Site. You can travel in the historical Gallipoli Peninsula with your own private vehicle, as well as experience the history in more detail with daily and private professional guided tours organized by Travel Agencies in Çanakkale.
It is one of the castles on the European coast built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet on both sides of the Bosphorus to defend the Dardanelles. It is known that the name of the castle is Kilid-ul Bahir, meaning "Lock of the Sea".
Fatih Sultan Mehmet had the Rumeli Fortress built in the Bosphorus and controlled the sea cruises between the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea, as well as built two opposite castles in the narrowest part of the Dardanelles Strait. There is Kale-i Sultaniye (Çimenlik Castle) on the Anatolian side and Kilitbahir Castle on the European side. The goal is positioned in the narrowest part of the Bosphorus so that cannon shots can be effective and accurate. Due to its location in parallel with the Çimenlik Castle in Çanakkale, mutual cannon fires intersected and it became extremely difficult to pass through the Bosphorus, as there was no dead space where a ship could pass and guns could not reach. Built in 1462-63, the castle was restored by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1541, during this restoration a fortification wall surrounding the southern part and a tower (Sarıkule) was built at the outer end. The castle was restored for the second time in 1870 by Sultan Abdulaziz. The aerial view of the castle is in the form of a clover and has a unique architecture.
Kilitbahir castle is one of the places to be seen in terms of its history and architecture.
The Monument and story of Seyit Onbaş, who has a very important place in the victory of Çanakkale Naval Victory, awaits you.
The monument erected for Seyit Corporal, who played a major role in sinking Ocean battleship, one of the British Naval Forces who tried to cross the strait by loading and firing a 276 kg bullet because the gun loading system was hit during the Gallipoli Wars, is located here.
You should definitely see Seyit Onbaşı monument, which is a part of the Çanakkale Epic
The Çanakkale Martyrs' Monument, which symbolizes all our soldiers who were martyred in the Çanakkale Wars and keeps their memory alive, is a must-see for every homeland child.
Çanakkale Martyrs' Monument, the most visited main visiting point of the Gallipoli Peninsula, is located on the Old Fortress Cape. Çanakkale Martyrs Monument, which was opened to visit on 21 August 1960, the 45th Anniversary of the Second Anafartalar Victory, symbolizes all our soldiers who were martyred in the Battle of Çanakkale and keeps their memory alive. In the words of its architect Doğan Erginbaş, the monument represents the collective ascension of our martyrs from all geographies. There are reliefs reflecting the moments of battle on its feet.
The Çanakkale Martyrs Monument, which hosts many people from every inch of the homeland every year, especially on March 18, makes you feel how this country is defended.
Seddülbahir Castle was built in 1659 together with Kumkale on the Anatolian side in order to defend the entrance of the Dardanelles Strait
The construction of Seddülbahir was initiated with the resumption of the long war with the Venetians over Crete Island, as Kilitbahir and Kale-i Sultaniye were thought to be insufficient for the defense of the Bosphorus. For this reason, together with Kumkale on the opposite shore, Seddülbahir Castle was built to form the first line of defense where the Venetian attacks on the Bosphorus were met. IV. It was built by Mehmet's mother, Hatice Turhan Sultan. The castle participated in the defense with 12 guns during the Çanakkale Battles. It was bombed by the allies on 3 November 1914 and the Turkish side gave its first martyrs with this attack. In the following process, the United Fleet targeted the castle again on 19 February 1915 and 25 February 1915 in order to destroy the defense at the entrance of the Bosphorus. With these attacks, Seddülbahir Castle was neutralized. By the British on April 26, 1915; As of April 27, 1915, it was captured by the French.
Seddülbahir Castle is located at the entrance of the Bosphorus and is the place where the first martyrs were given in the Çanakkale Wars.
Realizing that the Dardanelles could not pass through the sea, the Entente States had completed their preparations and the Çanakkale Land Wars started on 25 April 1915, when the ANZAC (Australia and New Zealand Army Corps) troops began landing in this bay. The bay is approximately 900 meters long and consists of steep slopes after a narrow beach. In 1985, the bay was named Anzac Cove.
The touristic importance of the event
The place where Çanakkale Land Wars started is a must-see point.
During the Gallipoli Wars, Lone Pine witnesses very tough battles during the 5-day attacks.
In the August 6 attacks, allied soldiers first attack Kanlısır to succeed in their attack on the Anafartalar Plain. Thus, he wanted to surprise the Turkish soldier about the attack. Lone Pine witnesses very tough wars during the 5-day attacks. The words in the inscription on this holy hill today belong to the 16th Division, who fought and made sacrifices in this region. In the inscription: "The Anzac corps attacked to keep the Turkish forces on the Arıburnu front, which was defended by the 19th and 16th divisions, in order to facilitate the 9th British corps landing in the Anafartalar region on 6-7 August 1915. The 16th division troops heroically defended Bloodsirt, despite 1520 martyrs and 4750 injured in very hard clashes. " writes.
Lone Pine, one of the turning points of the Gallipoli Wars, is one of the must-see places.
The 57th Infantry Regiment Memorial was built in memory of the Martyrs of the 57th Infantry Regiment, whose heroism became epic and all of whom were martyred during the Çanakkale Wars.
The landing started on April 25, 1915, and the enemy advanced up to the Merkeztepe-Kanlısırt line. 19th Division Commander Mustafa Kemal drove the 57th Infantry Regiment into battle on his own initiative, and this valiant regiment flowed from Kocaçimen Tepe towards Conkbayırı and threw the enemy back.
Great Leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's "I do not order you to attack. I order you to die. We may be replaced by other forces and commanders in time until we die. The monument of the 57th Infantry Regiment, who fought to death on his orders, is worth seeing.